Butrinti

Butrint is undoubtedly one of the most important tourist attractionsin Albania. The Archaeological Park, whichisinscribed in UNESCO, and the National Park of Butrint are located in the southernmost part of the country. Butrint is situated 18 km away from the coastal city of Saranda and lies in the south of Butrint Lake. The Channel of Vivari, which stems from the lake with a length of 3 km, links it with the Ionian Sea. In front of Butrinti you can see the Greek island of Corfu. Butrint has a rather favorable geographic position and is easily accessible by visitors. Many international tourists, who enter Albania through the port of Saranda, visit the ancient city of Burtint.
Butrint is mentioned by the poet Virgil in his poem “Eneida”. According to him, the city was established by the Prince of Troy Aeneas (Enea) during his trip from Troy to Rome. On his way to Rome he stopped in this place and sacrificed
a bull (BUTHROTOS). For the first time it was mentioned by Hekatha (IV century BC). The archaeological site has an area of 15 ha. The ruins of the ancient city are found in the middle of a typical Mediterranean jungle, where you can see the laurels and other tall woods. Due to the high biodiversity of the ecosystem where the ancient city of Butrint is located, the National Park of Butrinti is part of the international convention of RAMSAR (since 2003).
The main objects to visit in Butrint are the theatre, dating back to the IV century BC. It has a capacity of 1,500 viewers. You can also see the Baptiser with a colofrul mosaic, which along with the basilica date back to the VI century AD, the Roman baths of the II century AD, the lion’s gate and the lake, the walls and the Venetian castle of Ali Pasha which date back to the XIV-XVI centuries and were reconstructed in 1930. The Museum of Butrint is also placed there. Among the most notable discoveries found there is a statue discovered by the mission of the Italian archaeologist, Ugolini in 1928.
He named the statue Dea (goddess of Butrint). This statue for many years was exhibited in Italy, but it was brought back in 1981 and has been exhibited for many years at the National Historical Museum in Tirana. The marble statue has been identified by archaeologists as the head of Apollo and it is one of the symbols of antiquity in Albania.
In front of the archaeological site of Burtint, on the other side of the Vivari canal it is situated the triangular fortress, which has served as customs, while at the point where the Vivari canal meets the Ionian Sea you will see the other quadrangular fortress of Ali Pasha, which can be accessed by a floating tool. The area near Burtin is actually an archaeological area rich in monuments. Another interesting site is also the Çuka e Ajtoit, where tourists can go trekking.The National Park of Butrint covers an area of 29 hectares. It consists of a variety of natural habitats, including coastal lagoons, wetland, coast, pastures, rivers and canals. The park is home to a variety of birds, insects, amphibians, mammals and reptiles. There are about 90 species of birds in this park. In winter, thousands of winter birds migrate to the field of Vrina, where the ducks dominate. Regarding the rarest species, the ones that we can mention here is “Epirus water frog” which is found only in this park. The Lake of Burtint is known for growing of mussels, which started in 1968. “Trekking paths” are offered for tourists in the Park. Such paths are Kalivose Itenerary, the Lake of Butrint, the Lake of Bufi, the Mountain of Sotira.

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